Retinal detachment cannot be prevented, but the best you can do is, follow the warning signs and get your eyes treated. Regular check ups at definite intervals, more frequently if you are above 40, can reduce your chances of retinal detachment and surgery. Be more cautious if you are diabetic, go for regular eye exams and keep your blood sugar levels within a target range to avoid tractional retinal detachment.
The common signs of retinal tear and detachment are:
- Appearance of floaters
- Flashes of light
- A shadow or curtain over a certain part of the field of your vision
Treatment for Retinal Detachment
Retinal Detachment, once diagnosed, needs to be treated immediately. Surgery is the only way of treatment, and usually all the cases are reported to be successful and patients have had their normal vision restored.
The basic process of treating the ailment is :
Find the tear, Seal the tear and Prevent any present/ future traction of the retinal wall.
Types of Surgery depends upon the severity of the detachment. The following are types of Retinal Surgery:
- Cryopexy (Freezing) or Laser therapy : Where the tear is sealed by freezing it, so that the detachment does not spread.
- Scleral Buckle Surgery : the most common type of retinal surgery , where a buckle is fitted to seal the tear and prevent further traction.
- Vitrectomy: Where, after sealing the tear and fitting the buckle a small gas bubble is placed in the vitreous cavity to prevent myopic shift.
Your surgeon will decide the type of surgery you will need.