Retinal detachment is an eye disorder wherein the retina separates or peels away from the underlying support tissue layer. While the initial detachment is mostly localized, it can also be broad and if neglected, the retina may get completely detached. This will eventually cause vision loss or total blindness. This disorder falls under the medical emergency classification. Some of the common methods that are used for retinal detachment repair are listed out below.
- Pneumatic Retinopexy – During this procedure, the eye doctor injects a gas bubble inside your eyeball’s center. This gas bubble then floats to the area that is detached and presses against it very lightly. This flattens the area and the fluid underneath is reabsorbed. Next, the doctor uses a laser beam ( photocoagulation) or a freezing probe (cryopexy) for sealing the tear in your retina.
- Scleral Buckling Surgery - In this method, the doctor places a semi-hard plastic, rubber or silicone sponge piece on your eye’s outer layer, and then sews the piece in place. This prevents tears from getting worse by relieving the traction (pulling) on the retina. It also supports the layers of your retina.
- Vitrectomy – In this procedure, the vitreous gel is removed from your eye. Through vitrectomy, your doctor can get more access to your retina and adjoining tissues in your eye. The doctor can then easily peel the scar tissue off your retina, close up very large tears, repair holes, and also directly flatten retinal detachment.
Things to Consider:
As clear from above, there are several options in surgically repairing retinal detachment. The location, cause and detachment type generally determine the surgery type will provide best results. Other eye problems or medical conditions may also affect the surgery type you require for treating retinal detachment.